Human rights[ edit ] According to Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights , men and women who have attained the age of majority have the right to marry "without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion". Interfaith marriage in Judaism Interfaith marriage in Judaism was historically viewed with disfavor by Jewish leaders, and it remains controversial. The Talmud and poskim prohibit non-Jews to marry Jews, and discuss when the prohibition is from the Torah and when it is rabbinical.
Conservative Judaism does not sanction intermarriage, but encourages acceptance of the non-Jewish spouse by the family in the hope that such acceptance will lead to the spouse's conversion to Judaism.
In , some Reform Jews published the opinion that intermarriage is prohibited. The Society for Humanistic Judaism answers the question, "Is intermarriage contributing to the demise of Judaism? If the Jewish community is open, welcoming, embracing, and pluralistic, we will encourage more people to identify with the Jewish people rather than fewer. Intermarriage could contribute to the continuity of the Jewish people. In the United States from to , nearly half 47 percent of marriages involving Jews were intermarriages with non-Jewish partners  a similar proportion—44 percent—as in the early 20th century in New South Wales.
Marriage in Hinduism In Hinduism the concept of interfaith marriage doesn't exist as all other known religions were born after all the ancient Sanskrit Hindu texts were written. Vedas and Gita do not talk of caste and related marriages because those are spiritual texts. However law books like Manusmriti , Yajnavalkya smriti, Parashara etc. According to varna system, marriage is normally between two individuals of the same varna.
Ancient Hindu literature identified four varnas: Brahmins , Kshatriyas , Vaishyas and Shudras. In ancient days this varna system was strictly professional division based on ones profession; with time after repeated invasions and destruction of cultural identity and study centres it became a birth right.
According to Manu Smriti , partners in an inter-gotra marriage should be shunned. However, because Smritis are not part of Vedic Hindu religion, rural India which is mainly conservative, follows this rule but Hindus living in the cities and foreign countries have accepted inter-caste marriage. However Hindus living abroad have the lowest exogamy rate.
Hindus who fall outside the four varnas usually marry within their community for social reasons. This is the only category of people in Hinduism who are allowed to have interfaith marriage if the spouse has a "purification" ceremony.
In the Sikh Council in UK developed a consistent approach towards marriages in Gurdwaras where one partner is not of Sikh origin, following a two-year consultation with Gurdwara Sahib Committees, Sikh Organisations and individuals. The resulting guidelines were approved by the General Assembly of Sikh Council UK on 11 October , and state that Gurdwaras are encouraged to ensure that both parties to an Anand Karaj wedding are Sikhs, but that where a couple chooses to undertake a civil marriage they should be offered the opportunity to hold an Ardas, Sukhmani Sahib Path, Akhand Path, or other service to celebrate their marriage in the presence of family and friends.
Zoroastrianism[ edit ] Some traditional Zoroastrians in India disapprove of and discourage interfaith marriages, and female adherents who marry outside the faith are often considered to be excommunicated. When a female adherent marries a partner from another religion, they go through the risk of not being able to enter the Agyaris and Atash Behrams. In the past, their partner and children were forbidden from entering Zoroastrian religious buildings; this is often still observed.
A loophole was found to avoid such expulsion: Alternatively in a few cases such as that of Suzanne RD Tata , the non-Zoroastrian spouse has been allowed to convert Zoroastrianism by undergoing the navjote ritual  Interfaith marriages may skew Zoroastrian demographics, since the number of adherents is low.
According to Indian law where most Parsis live , only the father of the child must be a Zoroastrian for the child or children to be accepted into the faith. This has been debated, since the religion promotes gender equality which the law violates.
Zoroastrians in North America and Europe defy the rule, and children of a non-Zoroastrian father are accepted as Zoroastrians. Samaritans[ edit ] A Samaritan man is allowed to marry outside his community if his wife accepts Samaritan practices. Since no conversion is involved, this may be considered an interfaith marriage. The decision to allow intermarriage has been made in modern times for genetic reasons. According to the Samaritan interpretation of their Torah , Israelite status is determined by the father; children of Samaritan men are considered Israelites, and children of non-Samaritan men are considered non-Israelite.
Interfaith marriage in Christianity Some Christian denominations forbid interfaith marriage, citing 2 Corinthians 6: In the Catholic Church , canon law deals with mixed marriages a marriage between a Catholic and a baptized person outside the Church and marriages in disparity of cult marriage between a Catholic and an unbaptized person.
Distinction is made between inter-denominational and interfaith marriage, and some denominations extend their own rules and practices to other Christian denominations. Interfaith marriage in Islam A primary Islamic legal concern is that the offspring of an interfaith marriage between a Muslim a non-Muslim are to be Muslim offspring, and raised as such. Sharia , thus, has differing regulations on interfaith marriage, depending on, firstly, what is the gender of the prospective intermarrying Muslim, and secondly, what non-Muslim religion is adhered to by the person that a Muslim is seeking to intermarry with.
While Islamic Law permits a Muslim man to marry up to four women, the preference is that one or all of his wives be Muslim. If he intermarried with a non-Muslim, one or more of the four allowed wives may be non-Muslim women provided that they are from among the People of the Book i. Additionally, they must have been chaste , and all children must be brought up Muslim. Beyond this exemption, a Muslim man may not intermarry with females who are not from among the People of the Book unless they convert to Islam which is not required of Christian females and Jewish females.
Thus, Muslim men are prohibited from intermarrying, for instance, Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, etc. If they did, however, convert, it would no longer be considered intermarriage, but a marriage between Muslims, and thus not prohibited.
Muslim women, on the contrary, are forbidden from intermarrying as they are prohibited by Islamic law from marrying outside Islam. A Muslim woman may only marry a Muslim man, and intermarriage is always forbidden to Muslim women. This would not apply if the non-Muslim man converted to Islam, as the Muslim woman would no longer be considered to be intermarrying, but marrying a Muslim man.
Additionally, she may only be married to one Muslim man at any one time i. Early jurists in the most-prominent schools of Islamic jurisprudence ruled in fiqh that the marriage of a Muslim man to a Christian or Jewish woman is makruh disapproved if they live in a non-Muslim country. Umar — denied interfaith marriage to Muslim men during his command of the ummah.
And so are believing women in wedlock, and in wedlock women of the ones to whom the Book was brought even before you when you have brought them their rewards in wedlock, other than in fornication, neither taking them to yourselves as mates i. And whoever disbelieves in belief, i.
It ensures that over a number of generations, Islam would gain in numbers relative to other religions. If the non-Muslim husband converts, a new marriage is not needed. According to the Quran, O ye who believe! When there come to you believing women refugees, examine and test them: Allah knows best as to their Faith: They are not lawful wives for the Unbelievers, nor are the Unbelievers lawful husbands for them.
But pay the Unbelievers what they have spent on their dower , and there will be no blame on you if ye marry them on payment of their dower to them. But hold not to the guardianship of unbelieving women: Such is the command of Allah. He judges with justice between you. And Allah is Full of Knowledge and Wisdom. The two ceremonies should be performed on the same day; their order is not important.
Serer religion[ edit ] In orthodox Serer religion an ethnoreligious faith , interfaith, interracial and interethnic marriages are forbidden. Banishment and disinheritance may be levied against a Serer who disobeys the law,  The Serer-Noon a sub-group of the Serer people adhere strongly to this teaching.