A magazine that holds more than 7 rounds magazines holding a maximum of 10 rounds may be modified internally to hold only 7 as per legislation excepting rimfire, where the limit is 15 rounds per magazine.
A detachable magazine that appears to hold more than 10 rounds excepting rimfire; 15 rounds. A Category firearms are those that do not fall into any other category, and are the vast majority of legally-owned firearms in New Zealand, and support a surprisingly wide number of types. For example semi-automatic AR style rifles are permitted in this category provided they can only hold 7 or less rounds as well as meeting the other criteria.
Registration is not required under the law but the police carry out a regime similar to registration for all but "A Category" firearms. Firearms in any other category require a "permit to procure" before they are transferred.
Firearms licence New Zealand Except under supervision of a licence holder, owning or using firearms requires a firearms licence from the police. The licence is normally issued under the conditions that the applicant has secure storage for firearms, attends a safety program administered by the Mountain Safety Council and passes a written safety test. The police will also interview the applicant and two referees one must be a close relative and the other not related to determine whether the applicant is "fit and proper" to have a firearm.
The applicant's residence is also visited to check that they have appropriate storage for firearms and ammunition. Having criminal associations or a history of domestic violence almost always leads to a licence being declined. A standard firearms licence allows the use of "A Category" firearms. To possess firearms of another category a person is required to get an endorsement to their licence. There are different endorsements for different classes of firearm but they all require a higher level of storage security, stricter vetting requirements and the applicant must have an end use for wanting the endorsement.
Be it pest control for E cat, cowboy shooting and 3-gun for B cat, or just wanting to collect provided one has adequate storage security for C cat. Each endorsement type has additional requirements B Endorsement — Target competition pistols Applicant must be a current financial member of a pistol club, a financial member of Pistol New Zealand or in some cases membership of an approved club and have attended at least 12 club shoots in the last 6 months before they can apply Applicant must be sponsored by their club The endorsement holder must attend at least 12 club activities either at their home club or to another recognised club in a financial year Normally limited to no more than 12 pistols registered to their licence Pistols must be of an approved sporting type i.
Common special reasons include: Collecting must provide evidence in the form of books, club membership, collection of A type firearms , Museum curator, Family heirlooms and Theatrical. C category firearms must be stored in an inoperable condition Can never be used with live ammunition, but blanks are allowed for movie making and re-enacting Can only be taken to an approved display venue, re-enactment event or to another collector for sale. D Licence — Dealers licence For those that make an income from firearms.
To sell restricted weapons the dealer also needs to have the appropriate endorsements. Renewed annually Must maintain a record usually a book or register of firearm purchases and sales.
E Endorsement — Military-style semi-automatics New class of restricted weapon that was created after the Aramoana shooting spree. At the time anyone with an MSSA that wanted to keep it in that configuration was given a E endorsement after going through the vetting and extra security requirements.
But presently few are issued. Common reasons for wanting an E endorsement are professional pest destruction, collecting, 3-gun and service rifle shooting. Those people that did not want the extra hassle and expense of the endorsement converted their rifles into 'A' configuration by removing the components that made it an 'E'. F Endorsement — Dealers staff licence This class allows a person working for a dealer to demonstrate a pistol, military-style semi-automatic or a collectable weapon without having to have that class of licence.
They can demonstrate one but not possess one for personal use. This is not a well known endorsement Buying and selling[ edit ] Anyone buying firearms or ammunition, whether privately or from a dealer, needs to show their firearms licence.
In addition, a permit to procure must be obtained prior to the transfer of pistols, military-style semi-automatics and restricted weapons.
Sales can be made by mail-order, but a police officer must sign the order form to verify that the purchaser has a firearms licence. This lead partly to the Musket Wars of the early 19th century. The first gun control laws were enacted in , but early regulations were ineffective until the passage of the Arms Act in , which required licences and registration of firearms and firearm dealers. By about the laws were ignored and unenforced, as crime and the threat of political unrest were minimal.
Strikes in and , a Communist revolution in Russia, and large numbers of ex-military guns coming into the country after World War I were used as justification for a new law in The new law required the registration of all firearms and issuance of a "permit to procure" before a firearm was transferred.
Semi-automatic pistols were banned and a special permit was needed for other pistols e. Few changes were seen for the next forty years as crime remained low and the country avoided political violence. Increasing gun crime in the s led to greater police use of registration records, which were generally inaccurate or out-of-date.
A project to check the register began in , and found that 66 percent of entries were inaccurate in some way, with many guns not to be found at all. Police thought that the register was largely useless, and that substantial resources would be needed to keep it up-to-date. It was believed that the government would be unlikely to provide the resources required to update the register and that it would be politically difficult to demand registration information from firearm owners.
Various new laws were introduced in the s and 80s, proposing more government checks, registration of shotguns which had been abandoned and individual licensing.
An internal police report in criticised the proposals, saying there was no evidence that registration of guns helped to solve crimes, and that registration would use time and money better spent on other police work.
This policy was adopted by the government in the Act. The philosophy of the new system was to control users, rather than firearms. Police were required to conduct a background check before a licence would be issued though existing owners would be issued a licence automatically , but once a person had a licence there was no requirement to register long guns or obtain a permit-to-procure when they were sold or lent.
Special restrictions applied to restricted weapons and pistols, which needed to be registered. Aramoana and the amendments to the Act[ edit ] After the Aramoana massacre in November , John Banks , the Minister for Police, announced that the government would ban what he and others described as " Rambo -style" weapons and substantially tighten gun laws generally. The law was eventually passed in and required written permits to order guns or ammunition by mail order, restricted ammunition sales to firearms licence holders, added photographs to firearms licences, required licence holders to have secure storage for firearms at their homes which would be inspected before a licence was issued , and, controversially, required all licence holders to be re-vetted for new licences, which would be valid for only 10 years.
The law also created the new category of "military-style semi-automatic", which like the Federal Assault Weapons Ban two years later in the United States, mainly covered the appearance rather than the functionality of the guns.
These required a special endorsement, security and registration in the same manner as pistols, but could be used wherever A-category guns could. Thorp Report to today[ edit ] After two shootings by police in , the government ordered an inquiry into police procedures for storing and using firearms. Before the review started, massacres overseas at Dunblane and Port Arthur led the government to expand the scope to gun control generally.
The police reported that the system was sound and that no major changes were needed. The government decided to order another report, this time led by former judge Thomas Thorp. The report was released in and called for many new restrictions on legal gun ownership, including banning various features, and that all guns be registered the last particularly unpopular with firearm owners.
The National government in , its last year in office, introduced an Arms Amendment No. After the strong weight of submissions made against the bill when it was in select committee, the government was persuaded that the changes were unneeded and would be difficult to implement.
Due to the opposition, the bill was withdrawn. The government then introduced a much reduced Arms Amendment No. It has been in select committee since , and the government has not shown any sign of proceeding with it. In August , the Police decided that any firearm, including single shot bolt action rifles, with a free-standing pistol grip that could allow the firearm to be shot inaccurately from the hip would be defined as an MSSA.