Stations[ edit ] In addition to the headquarters at New Scotland Yard, there are police stations in London.
A traditional blue lamp as seen outside most police stations. This one is outside Charing Cross police station. Most police stations can easily be identified from one or more blue lamps located outside the entrance, which were introduced in The oldest Metropolitan police station, which opened in Bow Street in , closed in and the adjoining Bow Street Magistrates' Court heard its last case on 14 July It is the headquarters of the marine policing unit formerly known as Thames Division , which is responsible for policing the River Thames.
It also houses a mortuary and the River Police Museum. Paddington Green Police Station , which is no longer operational, received much publicity for its housing of terrorism suspects in an underground complex prior to its closure in The marine policing unit is based at Wapping.
Metropolitan Police stations may house a variety of roles and ranks of police staff, such as: Most stations have temporary holding cells where an arrested person can be held until either being released without charge, bailed to appear at court on a later date, or remanded until escort to a court.
In , there was a call from the Institute for Public Policy Research for more imaginative planning of police stations to aid in improving relations between police forces and the wider community. Suspected to have been carried out by Jack the Ripper who killed at least five prostitutes. No suspect was ever charged with the murders, and the identity of the killer remains unknown. Siege of Sidney Street: Members of a Latvian gang took a couple hostage on 2 January after an unsuccessful attempt to rob a jeweller's; Home Secretary Winston Churchill later arrived at the scene and authorised a detachment of Scots Guards to assist police from the Tower of London.
Massacre of Braybrook Street: Three police officers were murdered by Harry Roberts and two other occupants of a vehicle who had been stopped for questioning. Provisional IRA bombing campaign: Throughout the last quarter of the 20th century, a number of bombings were carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
A list of bombings carried out within the Metropolitan Police District , and those planted in central London, can be found here. From 6 to 12 December , Provisional IRA members took a couple hostage in their home, while on the run from police. The Spaghetti House siege occurred on 18 September when alleged members of the Black Liberation Army attempted to commit an armed robbery at the Spaghetti House restaurant to gain publicity for their cause.
However, the robbery was discovered by police, and the would-be robbers initiated a siege by taking hostages. A London Underground train failed to stop and crashed into the buffers at the end of a tunnel, resulting in the largest loss of life during peacetime on the Tube with 43 people killed.
Notting Hill Carnival riot: After Metropolitan Police officers attempted to arrest an alleged pickpocket at the Notting Hill Carnival on 30 August , a riot ensued leading to over officers being admitted to hospital. Serial killer Dennis Nilsen murdered at least 15 men and boys over a period of five years. He was known for retaining corpses for sex acts, and disposing of body parts by burning them or dumping them in drains.
Some remains were found in his home at Muswell Hill when Met officers apprehended him. Death of Blair Peach: Teacher Peach was fatally injured in April during a demonstration in Southall by the Anti-Nazi League against a National Front election meeting taking place in the town hall.
He was knocked unconscious and died the next day in hospital. Police brutality was never proven to be a contributory factor in his death, but it was claimed that he had fallen to a blow from a rubberised police radio belonging to the Met's now disbanded Special Patrol Group.
Five separatists and one hostage died. During the early s the Met began Operation Swamp which was implemented to cut street crime by the use of the Sus law which legally allowed officers to stop people on the suspicion of wrongdoing.
Tensions rose within the black community after a black youth was stabbed, leading to severe rioting on 11 April John Duffy and David Mulcahy committed 18 rapes of women and young girls at or near railway stations in London and South East England , murdering three of their victims. Metropolitan Police officers and the British Transport Police worked with neighbouring forces to solve the crimes. Duffy was convicted in , but Mulcahy was not brought to justice until almost ten years later.
Rioting erupted in Brixton on 28 September , sparked by the shooting of Dorothy Groce by police seeking her son Michael Groce, who was believed to be hiding in his mother's home, in relation to a suspected firearms offence. He was not there at the time, and Groce was part-paralysed by the bullet.
A week after the Brixton riot, while tensions among the black community were still high, riots broke out in Tottenham, north London, after the mother of a black man whose house was being searched died of a heart attack during the operation.
During the riot, PC Keith Blakelock was murdered. Blakelock's murder remains unsolved. Kenneth Erskine carried out a series of attacks in Stockwell on elderly men and women, breaking into their homes and strangling them to death.
Most were sexually assaulted before being murdered. In , Erskine's murder convictions were reduced to manslaughter on the grounds of diminished responsibility after an appeal.
Murder of Daniel Morgan: Daniel Morgan was a private investigator who was murdered in Sydenham south east London , in March He was said to have been close to exposing police corruption, or involved with Maltese drug dealers. Morgan's death has been the subject of several failed police inquiries, and in it was at the centre of allegations concerning the suspect conduct of journalists with the British tabloid News of the World. This unsolved murder has been described as a reminder of the culture of corruption and unaccountability within the Metropolitan Police Service.
Metropolitan Police officers assisted the British Transport Police when a fire broke out under a wooden escalator leading from one of the Underground station platforms to the surface at King's Cross. The blaze and resulting smoke claimed 31 lives, including that of a senior firefighter.
Clapham Junction rail crash: Officers assisted the British Transport Police when a packed commuter train passed a defective signal and ran into the back of a second train, derailing it into the path of a third oncoming train.
Thirty-five people were killed and 69 others were injured. The pleasure boat Marchioness was struck by a dredger and sank, killing 30 people. Rioting triggered by growing unrest against the Community Charge, and grew from a legitimate demonstration which had taken place earlier. Former soldier Colin Ireland tortured and murdered five gay men in a deliberate bid to gain notoriety he had read an article that said to be a "serial killer" one must have killed five times or more.
Murder of Stephen Lawrence: A series of operations failed to convict the killers of schoolboy Stephen Lawrence, despite substantial evidence. The resulting MacPherson inquiry found that the Met was "institutionally racist". Their trial was based on newly discovered forensic evidence, following a cold case review in thar found a tiny speck of Lawrence's blood on a jacket belonging to Dobson and one of Lawrence's hairs on trousers belonging to Norris.
A large gathering protested outside Brixton police station over the death of a local man in police custody, leading to a riot.
Three police officers were injured and a two-mile exclusion zone was set up around Brixton. Later reports showed that the male in custody died of heart failure, said to be brought on because of difficulties restraining him. David Copeland carried out a series of hate attacks on ethnic minority areas and on a pub frequented by the gay community. Previously peaceful anti-capitalist demonstrations ended with disorder in the City of London , which caused widespread damage, particularly to businesses identified with global capitalism.
Shooting of Harry Stanley: Harry Stanley , was shot dead yards from his home by Metropolitan police officers in contentious circumstances.